History of Indian Cinema

In the last one century, the world has changed drastically  and  is still developing fast. This development has affected the world cinema hugely. The cameras, techniques, ideas, sound system etc has all changed and is still changing to a better version.
Indian Cinema has seen the most changes (according to me). The first Indian film was Raja Harishchandra (1913) by Dadasaheb Phalke, it was a silent feature film and after this industry started to produce 200 films per annum. (that’s a lot I know. You are allowed to be surprised). By 1931, Ardeshir Irani’s Alam Ara was first Indian sound film. It wasn’t long when regional film industry switched to sound filming.
The years from 1935 to 1950 were shaky times. India was affected with great depression, world war, Independence movement and partition. Film-makers were affected by it too, but few of them were able to tackle it using the struggle of Independence as their plot.
In 1937, Ardeshir Irani made the first colour film in Hindi, Kisan Kanya.

Indian cinema has two parts:
1) Golden Age
2) Modern Cinema


The period of this age is considered nearly from 1940s to 1960s. Many landmark films were created such as Guru Dutt’s – Pyaasa, kagaz ke phool
Raj Kapoor’s – Awaara, Shree 420
And many more. These times also included Mehboob khan’s, ‘mother-india ‘which went for academy award for the best foreign language film. Some great films of this age also consisted of Mughal-e-Azam and Madhumati.
Neecha Nagar won the grand prize at the first Cannes film festival.


In this phase, Cinema saw a lot of changes and the changes were  usually different in each decade. Jeetendra, Rajesh Khanna, Dharmendra, Sharmila Tagore, Mumtaz and many more were leading this decade of 1970s. Violent films were the main attraction along with romance at the same. Amitabh Bachchan was known as the ‘angry young man’. As time was passing many actors were joining their league some of them were Jackie Shroff, Sanjay Dutt, Anil kapoor, Hema Malini, Shabana Azmi, Rekha. Sholey is a major milestone in the world of Indian Cinema.
In 1980-90s films like Qyamat se Qyamat tak, Dilwale Dulhania Le jayenge, Dil toh pagal hai and many more were produced with new and young actor/actress such as Aamir Khan, Akshay Kumar, Salman Khan, Shahrukh Khan, Madhuri Dixit, Sridevi. By the end of 1990s many actors were rising such as Govinda, Sunny Deol, Raveena Tandon, Sonali Bendre, Sushmita Sen.
The decade 2000s took filmmaking to new heights in terms of production, Cinematography, Story lines as well as special effects and animation. Yash Raj films and Dharma productions were major producers of films. Some films of this decade were Lagaan, Munna bhai MBBS, Rang De Basanti, Dhoom 2. This age also saw many new faces such as Hrithik Roshan, Shahid Kapoor, John Abraham, Aishwarya Rai, Bipasha Basu, Priyanka Chopra, Katrina Kaif.
In 2010, actor of 1990s returned with new looks with younger actresses and they banged the big screens. Movies such as Dabang, Rowdy Rathore, PK. But this age also came up with some new and young talents such as Ranbeer Kapoor, Ranveer singh, Arjun Kapoor, Kangana Ranuat, Deepika Padukone, Anushka Sharma.

Indian Cinema also has the highest rate of film production in the world.
I have not taken all the points but I will take each role that is required to make a proper film in future elaborating the changes that has happened in last more than one decade.

Change is a process which will never stop.


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